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can electroinc voting machine be hacked
can electroinc voting machine be hacked

How Electronic Voting Machine works, EVM machine can be hacked in India during Election

Can the EVM machines used for Indian elections be hacked/tampered

Friends,

Aaj hum aapko batane wale hai ki EVM Machine kam kaise karti hai. Kya koi EVM Machine ko hack kar skta hai. Jaisa ki aap sabi jante hai ki EVM machine ka use chunav (Election) k liye kiya jaata hai . Jab EVM machine ni thi to election Ballet paper se hote the.

Ballet Paper Election :- Ballet paper mai chunav chinh hua karte the jitne bi ummidwar khade hote the unka ek chunav chinh hota tha. To janta apne pasnd k ummidwar k chunav chinh mai mohar laga deti thi phr ballet papers ki counting ki jaati thi jisme time aur cost dont jyada lagti thi aur accuracy bi 100% ni hoti thi kyuki bahut sare votes karab chale jate the jaise proper chunav chinh k upar mohar naa lagne ke karn.

Electronic Voting System:- Election Commision of India is problem se nijat pane ke liye Electronic Voting Systm (EVM) launch kiya jo aaj kal India mai prachlan mai hai. EVM mai bi same chunav chinh hote hai lekin yaha par button hoti hai chunav chinh ki jise only press karna padta hai. EVM ke karan election mai kharch bi kam aata hai aur kam time mai voting bi ho jaati hai aur sath mai accuracy bi 100% hoti hai.
EVM :- EVM ka full form Electronic Voting Machine hai jiska use chunav k liye India mai kiya jaata hai. EVM machine ka first time use 1982 mai Kerala ke election mai kiya gaya tha uske bad is machine ka test time to time kiya gaya. 2004 election ke bad jitne bi election india mai huye hai EVM machine he use hui hai.

EVM Machine Manufacturing :- EVM machine ka nirmad two places mai hota hai pahla Bharat Electronic Limited jo ki Bangore mai hai aur Dusri Electronic Co- Operation of India Limited jo ki Hydrabad India mai hai.

Electronic Voting Machine
Electronic Voting Machine

Working Process of EVM – EVM Machine work kaise karti hai uska details dene jaa rha hu

EVM machine mai two parts hote hai

1) Balleting Unit
2) Control Unit

1) Balleting Unit:- y machine ka wo part hota hai jo voter ke samne hota hai. Ek place se chunav ladne wale sare candidate ki party ka naam aur unka chunv chinh hota hai jiske samne ki button dabakar aap vote dal skte hai.

Note:- Ek EVM machine mai kewal 16 candidate ka he naam aa skta hai ydi 16 se jyada candidate hai to aapko 2 ya 3 ya 4 machine jodkar use badhaya jaa skta hai.

2) Control Unit:- Control unit ko Balleting Unit se 5 meter lambi wire se jodkar rakha jaata hai. Control unit mai kuch basic buttons hote hai. Jab ek naya voter aata hai to uske dwara jab button ko dabaya jaata hai. Jisse ki Balleting Unit chalu ho jaati hai aur uske bad machine ek bar mai ek he vote ko accept karti hai. Uske bad mai phr se Belleting Button ko dabaya jaata hai. Bar bar Ballet Button ko dabane se alag alag vote vote de skte hai.

Note:- Control Unit ki total capacity 3840 vote ki hai jaise he 3840 vote pure ho jaate hai Close Button ko daba diya jata hai jiske bad machine koi bi naya vote accpet ni karti hai. EVM machine mai ek total ka bi button hota hai jise press karke dekha jaata hai ki total kitne vote pad chuke hai.

EVM Machine mai ek Result ka bi button hota hai but wo sealed hota hai jis din counting ka time aata hai us seal ko open kiya jaata hai aur Result button ko press kiya jata hai jisse pata chalta hai ki kisko kitni vote mili hai.

Advantages of EVM machine :-

1.kam kharcha
2. kam electricity ka use
3. Yah kafi efficient hai.
4.kam employee ki jarurt padti hai
5. vote karab ni jaate hai aur couting mai bilkun bi time ni lagta hai
6. koi bi vote karab ni jaata hai
7. Size chota hai to tranportaion mai koi issue ni aata hai
8. Voter k liye easy to use hai.

Disadvantages of EVM machine :-

1. Internet hona jaruri hai
2. Electricity hona jaruri hai

EVM Machine can be Hacked or Not?

Yadi aap soch rahe hai ki EVM machine se voting aur counting secure hai kyuki isme koi bi wireless ni hai aur y ek technical machine hai aur sealed bi hoti hai. To hum aapko batana chahte hai ki aisa koi bi system ni hai jo hack naa kiya ja ske yaa jisme koi na koi kami naa ho. Bahut sari countries is EVM ka use karti hai aur bahut ni karti hai har country ke apne rules regulation hai.

EVM machine ko mainly two tarike se hack kiya jaa skta hai:-

Proecss 1:- Pahala option hai jisme hum machine ka display change kar de aur display EVM machine se match karta ho taki koi pata na kar ske ki display change hua hai. Aur display mai blue tooth device connect kar diya jaaye. Aur ek display driver lagaya jaaye. Aisa karne se hoga kya ki machine proper tarike se work karegi jaise he aap button press karoge vote aapke he candidate ko jayegi lekin jab counting hogi tab hum bule tooth device ki help se jise chahe jeeta (winner) bana skte hai.

Lekin mjhe ni lagta hai ki aisa possible bi hai.

Process 2:- Yadi hum EVM Machine ki memory ko rewrite kar de to hum naye data ke sath jise chahe jeeta (winner) bana skte hai. Lekin is machine ka jo software hota hai wo machine mai he embedded hota hai jise naa to aap nikal skte hai aur naa he naya software dal skte hai.

In dono process ko pura karne ke liye machine ka access hona jaruri hota hai.

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